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Breaking the Language Barrier on Human Rights

FOUR WOMEN STONED TO DEATH IN IRAN – CALL FOR INTERNATIONAL INVESTIGATION

November 03, 2012

Siavosh Jalili , Persian2EnglishBased on reports received by the Melli-Mazhabi (Religious-Nationalist) website, security agents from the Iranian Judiciary transferred the bodies of four women who had been stoned to death to the Tehran forensic medicine department. The bodies are currently in freezers at this department.

In addition to the wounds left on their heads and faces because of the stoning, there are visible signs on the bodies of torture and severe beatings. Based on what is indicated in their case files, the women were charged with ‘[Engaging in] illegitimate relationship[s]’ and ‘Drug use’. In recent days, family members of the women have not come to the coroner’s office to claim the bodies. It is not yet clear when the trials for the women were held or if their families were aware of their fate.

The stoning executions occurred two days after the Chair of Judicial and Legal Committee of the Iranian Parliament announced that the act of stoning had been replaced by alternative forms of punishment. According to Allahyar Malekshahi, conditions of adultery, the burden of proof, and the punishment for the offence were discussed in the Committee. According to Mr. Malekshahi, “In Iran’s [Islamic Penal] Code, adultery is punishable by death, but conditions on how to prove the act of adultery has taken place are not mentioned. In order to clarify the law, a separate section was added to distinguish the conditions under which a relationship is qualified as adultery.

IRAN HUMAN RIGHTS: UN, CONDUCT URGENT INVESTIGATION INTO THE STONING REPORTS

IHR has urged the United Nations to conduct an urgent investigation on the stoning of the four women. Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam, the spokesperson of IHR, said: “At the present moment there is no information about the identities of these women, but evidence suggests they were stoned to death by the Iranian authorities.”

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سنگسار چهار زن در سکوت خبری

به گزارش‌ رسیده به سایت ملی‑مذهبی ظرف چند روز گذشته اجساد چهار زن که پس از اجرای حکم سنگسار جان خود را از دست داده بودند، توسط نیروهای امنیتی قوه قضائیه به پزشکی قانونی تهران منتقل شده و هم اکنون در سردخانه پزشکی قانونی نگهداری می‌شوند.

یک منبع موثق به خبرنگار ملی‑ مذهبی می گوید: ” اجساد چهار زن پس از اجرای حکم سنگسار توسط نیروهای امنیتی قوه قضائیه به سردخانه پزشکی قانونی آورده شده اند. علاوه بر آثار پرتاب سنگ بر سر و صورت این زنان آثاری از شکنجه و ضربات شدید بر بدن آنها پیش از سنگسار نیز قابل رویت است. طبق مواد مندرج در پرونده آنها جرم این چهار زن روابط نامشروع و مصرف مواد مخدر بوده است. ظرف روزهای گذشته هیچ فردی برای تحویل اجساد به پزشکی قانونی مراجعه نکرده است. هنوز مشخص نیست دادگاه این افراد در چه تاریخی برگزار شده و آیا خانواده آنان از وضعیت شان با خبر هستند یا نه!”

این در حالی است که رئیس کمیسیون حقوقی و قضایی مجلس دو روز پیش از تعیین مجازات جایگزین «سنگسار» خبر داده بود. به گفته اللهیار ملک‌شاهی در جلسه کمیسیون قضایی شرایط «احصان» در بحث «زنا» مورد بررسی قرار گرفت و برای آن مجازات در نظر گرفته شد. به گفته این نماینده «زنای محصنه مجازات رجم و اعدام دارد اما شرایط احصان در قانون نیامده بود و به منظور روشن شدن بحث، ماده‌ای مجزا آوردیم که با چه شرایطی زنا، محصنه و در چه شرایطی غیرمحصنه تلقی می‌شود.

ملک‌شاهی گفته است: “برای زنای محصنه طبق مبانی فقهی حکم صادر می‌شود اما ما به صراحت نوع مجازات‌های آن را تبیین و تصریح کردیم که در جایی که مجازات اولیه و اصلی ممکن نباشد یا قاضی مصلحت نداند، به پیشنهاد دادگاه صادرکننده حکم قطعی و موافقت رئیس قوه قضائیه، می‌توان مجازات جایگزین تعیین کرد.”

از سوی دیگر محمدعلی اسفنانی سخنگوی کمیسیون قضائی مجلس تصریح کرده است که رفع ایرادات قانون جدید مجازات اسلامی از اولویت‌های کمیسیون قضایی مجلس است و تلاش می‌کنیم به‌زودی این قانون تصویب نهایی و ابلاغ شود.

گفتنی است، قانون مجازات اسلامی فعلی از بیست سال پیش تاکنون به صورت آزمایشی اجرا می شود و لایحه جدید مجازات اسلامی نیز که جایگزین آن خواهد شد در شمار لوایح و طرح هایی است که به استناد اصل ۸۵ قانون اساسی به جای طرح در صحن علنی مجلس در کمیسیون اختصاصی مورد بررسی و تصویب قرار گرفته و قرار است به شکل آزمایشی اجرا شود.

سنگسار یکی از خشن ترین مجازات هایی است که قانون مجازات اسلامی ایران در نظر گرفته شده است. آنچه مسلم است در ایران، بسیاری از قوانین مدنی، جزائی، کیفری و دیگر قوانین با شریعت انطباق کامل ندارد. و همه پژوهشگران و صاحب نظران متفق القولند که حکم رجم یا مجازات سنگسار در قرآن آورده نشده است .

در طی دهه اخیر بدنبال واکنشهای گسترده مجامع حقوق بشری به اجرای این حکم و وعده مقامات قضایی مبنی بر تعیین مجازات جایگزین برای این نوع جرایم، غلامرضا رضوانی از فقهای شورای نگهبان در ۱۳۸۱عنوان کرد که به جای مجازات رجم نمی‌توان مجازات دیگری را تعیین کرد، زیرا احکام اسلام تابع پسند و ناپسند جامعه نیست و ممکن است همین احکام در روزهای اول اسلام نیز برای مردم ناپسند بوده باشد.

اما همزمان برخی از فقهای نامدار و معروفی همچون میرزای قمی، آیت الله صانعی، آیت الله گرامی و آیت‌الله حسینی زنجانی گفتند که این احکام در جامعه کنونی قابلیت اجرا ندارد و موجب وهن اسلام است. آیت‌الله حسینی زنجانی صراحتا اعلام نمود که چنانچه به نظر فقیه جامع الشرایط اجرای حکمی در جامعه به دلیل عدم آمادگی فکری عموم مردم موجب سستی در اعتقاد و اصل اسلام می‌شود، در این صورت حفظ اسلام اهم است و اجرای حکم باید تا استحکام عقاید مسکوت بماند.

پس از آن، در سال ۱۳۸۲ محمود هاشمی شاهرودی رئیس قوه قضاییه وقت طی بخشنامه ای اعلام نمود که اجرای حکم سنگسار در اختیار حاکم شرع است و در حال حاضر جمهوری اسلامی به دنبال تعیین مجازات جایگزین برای این نوع از جرایم است. اما علی رغم دستور رئیس قوه قضاییه در سال ۱۳۸۶ چند مورد اجرای حکم سنگسار در مشهد و تاکستان گزارش شد. پرونده سنگسار تاکستان پس از نه سال توقف، نهایتا در سال خرداد ۱۳۸۶ به اجرا درآمد. این در حالی است که مسئولان قضایی در آن زمان اعلام نمودند که اجرای حکم سنگسار در تاکستان در پی اشتباه قاضی بوده است.

اجرای این مجازات عمدتا در مناطقی گزارش شده است که مردم آن از سطح آموزشی پایینی برخوردار هستند و متهمان از محتوی و مفهوم پرونده خود بی اطلاع هستند. سالها فعالان حقوق بشر بویژه حقوق زنان برای لغو مجازات سنگسار از مجموعه قوانین ایران مبارزه کرده و تاکید داشتند که سنگسار یک دستورالعمل صریح قرآنی نیست.

  • Balatarin
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    2 Comments

    1. The horror of stoning, and with it the absolute control over women by men, is one of the reasons that the regime must be destroyed or reformed beyond recognition. I hope the people of Iran achieve freedom, that world’s people find the IRI’s crimes against humanity unbearable and that they take action to stop these inhuman practices forever and bring to an end a regime centered around violence and intimidation.

    2. Same image here, http://www.gaymiddleeast.com/news/news%20261.htm . I assume that the two boys in that blurry screen capture image are the ones whose case is related on this webpg.
      Update on stoning execution case in Iran

      By Dan Littauer – GME Editor, 27.01.2011
      Get notified when this page changes!
      by WatchThatPage.com

      15:00 Action is being taken by the European External Action Service to save the boys life.

      GME 22.01.2011

      21:00 GMT Our sources confirmed that the two boys are still alive and in prison.

      11:00 GMT The petition(s) being circulated on facebook and twitter for the two boys is not sanctioned by GLA (see below) nor by the Iranian Organisations following the case on the ground. GLA is considering starting a petition should it be helpful for the boys. This needs careful consideration and consultation, which we are pursuing.

      21.01.2011

      20:00 GMT IGLHRC confirmed the earlier GME report (see below) that the boys have not yet been executed. Hossein Alizadeh, regional coordinator for the Middle East and North Africa Program of the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC), said “to the best of our knowledge no such execution took place today.”

      “In spite of persistent efforts, IGLHRC continues to be unable to verify the facts in this case. We remain opposed to the death penalty on any basis and urge the Iranian authorities to annul this or any other execution order,” he added

      19:30 GMT – GME’s source confirms the boys are thankfully still alive, although imprisoned. This means we need to intensify the campaign to save them.

      12:40 GMT A group of Italian LGBT organisations have joined the campaign to save the two boys from stoning.

      12:20 GMT MP Simon Hughes MP, and deputy leader of the Liberal Democrat party has taken interest in the case and his office is currently examining the case and how to take further action.

      11:45 GMT – In an email addressed to Dan Littauer, Executive editor of GayMiddleEast.com and member of the GLA Coalition, Michael Cashman, MEP explained that he has written to the Right Honourable Lady Catherine Ashton, VP of the European Commission:

      She and her team are currently researching the dossier, and I fully trust them to do everything in their power to help stop this execution.

      Said Cashman.

      11:00 GMT MP Caroline Lucas, leader of the Green Party, informed GME via twitter that she had written to FM William Hague to take up the case the Iranian government.

      10:00 GMT MP Chris Bryant informed GME he has wrriten to FM William Hague to take up the case with the Iranian government.

      By Paul Canning and Dan Littauer – GME 20.01.2011

      Some facts involved with the case of two men from Piranshahr, in northwest Iran, whose death sentence was reported yesterday (see ‘Stoning sentence for two boys for alleged same sex in Iran’) have today been disputed.

      A number of sources who are investigating the details of the case, and who are in touch with those at the heart of it within Iran, have today spoken with IRQO and Gay Middle East. In addition the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission has announced in a message published by the Joe.My.God blog that they are also investigating details of the case.

      Questions have been raised regarding the exact nature of the charges on which they have been given the death penalty. As reported in an update yesterday on the original report, those questions surround whether or not a rape occurred and whether this involved another person, a 15 or 17 year old minor.

      As noted yesterday, the Iranian government, as reported by Human Rights Watch, maintains in response to international pressure regarding reported executions of homosexuals that they mostly involve “individuals [who] have been charged for forcible sodomy or rape”.

      But as noted yesterday by Soheila Vahdati, an independent human rights defender based in San Francisco: “They [the Iranian government] don’t differentiate between rape and homosexual acts.”

      Whether those charged filmed their acts, what any such film contained and whether that was discovered has today been disputed by some sources.

      At this stage it is, however, believed that all sources concur on the fact of a death sentence.

      Human Rights Watch (HRW) in its report ‘We are a Buried Generation: Discrimination and Violence Against Sexual Minorities in Iran’, released last month stated that because trials on moral charges in Iran are usually held in camera, it is difficult to determine what proportion of those charged and executed for same-sex conduct are gay and in what proportion the alleged offense was consensual.

      Because of the lack of transparency, Human Rights Watch said: “it cannot be ruled out that Iran is sentencing sexual minorities who engage in consensual same-sex relations to death under the guise that they have committed forcible sodomy or rape.”

      Their report also documents serious abuses, including due-process violations that occurred during the prosecution of sexual minorities charged with crimes.

      Those charged with engaging in consensual same-sex offenses stand little chance, HRW say, of receiving a fair trial: “Judges ignore penal code evidentiary guidelines in sodomy cases and often rely instead on confessions extracted through physical torture and extreme psychological pressure. Both Iranian and international law consider such evidence inadmissible.”

      As we noted yesterday, some Muslim organisations have argued that the death penalty is religiously as well as morally wrong.

      An international coalition of Muslim organisations (the Association of British Muslims (AOBM), Faith Matters, Muslims for Progressive Values (MPV), USA and Canada, Canadian Muslim Union (CMB), Members of The Royal Order of Noor of Buayan, Canadian Council of Muslim Women (CCMW) and el-Tawhid Juma Circle) spoke out yesterday against the death sentence case in Piranshahr.

      Read the full HRW ‘We are a Buried Generation’ report here:

      http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2010/12/14/we-are-buried-generation

      HRW news release concerning the report:

      http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2010/12/15/iran-discrimination-and-violence-against-sexual-minorities

      Update, 20 January: LezGetReal reports that a source, who had direct contact with villagers and a family member told them:

      “This is a case where the accused have already been so badly tortured that they were “hardly able to sign the confessions.”

      They add that a source told them that a stoning has been ordered by a single Sharia Judge and that it is imminent.

      Post author, Melanie Nathan, argues that:

      While some bloggers and activists continue to ponder whether to publish this story based on possible factual errors and inaccuracies, and whether or not some believe there may be more harm than good in publishing this story, I would be remiss not to note that the bottom line is two young men aged 20 and 21 are likely to be stoned to death in a matter of days. Regardless of the investigations or facts surrounding the case itself , regardless of categorizing the event as gay sex, rape, or same-sex with consent and notwithstanding allegations that the face of Iranian President Ahmadinejad appeared in a video recording of the event, stoning anyone is depraved and unconscionable and for as long as such continues unchecked by Mainstream media or the US Department of State, we as a society ought to be ashamed.

      IGLHRC have put out a statement, saying that they have been “unable to confirm the allegations in this case.”

      “Iran has an impenetrable and opaque criminal justice system that makes knowing what is really happening inside the country impossible,” said Hossein Alizadeh, Regional Coordinator for IGLHRC’s Middle East and North Africa Program. “What we do know is that killing is wrong in all its forms, even when committed by the State.”

      They called on the Government of Iran to “immediately annul any execution order related to this case, to end the practice of death by stoning, and to repeal the criminalization of same-sex activity.”

      The Iranian Queer Organization (IRQO) put out the following statement:

      “While the details related to the case is being investigated by various sources such as Kurdish activists related to the area, IRQO, and distinguished HR institutions and reporter, the news itself has been verified.

      In IRQO we believe that regardless of the crime, capital punishment and one of its most horrific executions, stoning, should be the fate of anyone, and these two young men. We urge the Iranian People to intervene and prevent another tragedy that wounds the soul of our people.”

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